Scoutles.com – With the First Aid merit badge, you’ll be ready to handle this type of emergency, as well as many others.
If you’re following together with the merit badge worksheet, this overview will certainly supply you with all the answers to the demands required to find out the First Aid merit badge.
Later, you’ll be equipped to take care of practically any type of medical emergency situation as well as have the capacity to save lives. Aid is finest completed as a Superior scout or when functioning as a group of scouts.
First Aid Merit Badge Requirements
Take your time to check out through the official First Aid merit badge demands. This badge will certainly take numerous days to find out, and a seasoned scout always remembers to plan ahead. Take the time to adsorb the demands and after that plan as necessary.
1. Demonstrate knowledge of all first-aid requirements
|Demonstrate to your counselor that you have current knowledge of all first-aid requirements for Tenderfoot, Second Class, and First Class ranks.|
A. Show first aid for the following:
- Simple cuts and scrapes
- Blisters on the hand and foot
- Minor (thermal/heat) burns or scalds (superficial, or first-degree)
- Bites or stings of insects and ticks
- Venomous snakebite
- Frostbite and sunburn
B. Describe common poisonous or hazardous plants, identify any that grow in your local area or campsite location. Tell how to treat for exposure to them.
C. Tell what you can do while on a campout or other outdoor activity to prevent or reduce the occurrence of injuries or exposure listed in Tenderfoot requirements 4a and 4b.
D. Assemble a personal first-aid kit to carry with you on future campouts and hikes. Tell how each item in the kit would be used.
A. Demonstrate first aid for the following:
- The object in the eye
- Bite of a suspected rabid animal
- Puncture wounds from a splinter, nail, and fishhook
- Serious burns (partial thickness, or second-degree)
- Heat exhaustion
- Heatstroke, dehydration, hypothermia, and hyperventilation
B. Show what to do for “hurry” cases of stopped breathing, stroke, severe bleeding, and ingested poisoning.
C. Tell what you can do while on a campout or hike to prevent or reduce the occurrence of the injuries listed in Second Class requirements 6a and 6b.
D. Explain what to do in case of accidents that require emergency response in the home and backcountry. Explain what constitutes an emergency and what information you will need to provide to a responder.
E. Tell how you should respond if you come upon the scene of a vehicular accident.
A. Demonstrate bandages for a sprained ankle and for injuries on the head, the upper arm, and the collarbone.
B. By yourself and with a partner, show how to:
- Transport a person from a smoke-filled-room
- Transport for at least 25 yards a person with a sprained ankle
C. Tell the five most common signals of a heart attack. Explain the steps (procedures) in cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR).
D. Tell what utility services exist in your home or meeting place. Describe potential hazards associated with these utilities and tell how to respond in emergency situations.
E. Develop an emergency action plan for your home that includes what to do in case of fire, storm, power outage, and water outage.
F. Explain how to obtain potable water in an emergency.
2. Explain how you would obtain emergency medical assistance
|Explain how you would obtain emergency medical assistance from:|
A. Your home
B. A remote location on a wilderness camping trip
C. An activity on open water
A. From your home
Calling 911 is the simplest as well as most efficient way to get to emergency clinical solutions from home.
When talking to an operator, inform them of your name, address, the nature of the emergency situation, along with any other details which could be beneficial to clinical workers.
Remain on the line up until help gets here and also be sure not to leave the victim ignored.
Poison control can also be gotten to at 1-800-222-1222, but should just be contacted poisoning instances which are not immediately lethal. If phones are not available, look for aid from a neighbor. You do this by shouting, if possible, so as not to leave the sufferer neglected.
B. From a remote location on a wilderness camping trip
Before embarking on any type of wilderness trip, make sure to inform a trusted adult of your plans. Tell them the trip’s place as well as expected duration so that in an emergency scenario they will certainly be able to call and also dispatch rescue solutions to you.
Usually, you will certainly be able to call emergency situation workers by cell phone. However, if you are incapable to do so yet are fairly near to civilization, you need to send individuals back in vehicles that will call for help from the nearest phone.
If lost, do not leave your vehicle or campground. Since larger things are more most likely to be found by rescue workers, this is. Signal fires should only be used as a last option. Do not begin a forest fire.
C. From activity on open water
Every vessel needs to be equipped with a Marine VHF radio which can be used to contact assistance on emergency channel #16. Browse it into even more trafficked water as well as a signal for aid if the boat can be moved.
Traveling a flag inverted from a watercraft is a worldwide sign for distress. Signal to them by lighting flares or by using smoke if rescuers are visible.
Also Read: Eagle Required Merit Badges
3. Define the term triage
|Define the term triage. Explain the steps necessary to assess and handle a medical emergency until help arrives.|
In a situation where numerous individuals are injured, triage describes the process of figuring out the level of each individual’s injuries, after that prioritizing their order of treatment based upon severity.
Essentially, you’ll analyze just how damaged each of the targets are, then deal with those with lethal injuries before those with minor injuries so that one of the most individuals can survive.
When there are inadequate medical workers to guarantee the most survivors, this is done. To correctly triage, you must first assess the target’s problem. Check out these four elements:
- Dehydration (severe)
If the sufferer is critically at risk in any of these areas, they have deemed an ’emergency (E)’ situation and obtain therapy asap.
If the victim is showing symptoms that appear not to be right away serious, they are deemed as a ‘priority (P),’ and also get therapy following the emergency instances.
Non-urgent problems are placed into ‘queue (Q)’ and also are dealt with after the concern situations.
4. Explain the universal precautions
|The fourth requirement of a first aid merit badge is to Explain the universal precautions as applied to the transmission of infections. Discuss the ways you should protect yourself and the victim while administering first aid.|
Contact with bodily fluids can result in the transmission of bloodborne pathogens. These viruses can cause you illness and also infection.
One ought to always treat bodily liquids with caution, as well as utilize safety barriers to prevent get in touch with when feasible. Never use your bare hands to prevent bleeding, as this could place both you and also the sufferer in jeopardy of infection.
Ensure, after providing emergency treatment, to securely disinfect or discard all polluted things as well as completely wash your hands with soap. To not infect others, biological waste must be put in marked receptacles or landed twice prior to disposal.
5. Do the following two things
|A. Prepare a first-aid kit for your home. Display and discuss its contents with your counselor.|
|B. With an adult leader. Inspect your troop’s first-aid kit. Evaluate it for completeness. Report your findings to your counselor and Scout leader.|
A. Prepare a first-aid kit for your home
Scouts will require to prepare a residence emergency treatment kit to bring with them to course. Scouts need to utilize the First Aid Merit Badge pamphlet for aid in comprehending the advised components of a house’s first-aid set.
B. Inspect your troop’s first-aid kit
Take the time to consider what this emergency treatment set includes, and also contrast it to any set you or your troop may already have.
The picture above gives you an example of what you may typically locate in a wonderful first-aid set. Every one of the materials consisted of are labeled by number. At the minimum, the set you buy ought to be equipped with:
- Gauze Pads
- Sting Relief
- Elastic Bandages
- Antiseptic Wipes
- CPR Masks
- Moleskin Blister Covers
- Safety Pins
You can inspect your army’s emergency treatment package versus this list to see if anything must be included. Bear in mind to change your first aid package’s contents every few years as some things will run out.
If you do need brand-new products, the emergency treatment package that I would certainly connected to earlier has every little thing that you might need to be fully prepared.
6. Describe the early signs and symptoms
|The next requirement for getting a first aid merit badge is to explain each of the following signs and initial symptoms and explain what action you should take:|
B. Heart attack
Shock is your biological action to trauma and leads to the weakening of blood flow throughout the body. This reaction can be brought on by a range of variables such as severe injury, dehydration, heart failure, allergy, and blood loss.
An individual that is in shock will certainly usually have clammy skin, cold sweats, and also paleness of skin. They will likely have difficulty taking complete breaths and might pass out unexpectedly.
When treating shock, try to calm the sufferer. Have them rest, as well as cover them with a blanket. If you see that their head or feet are light, elevate the location reverse of where they are low on blood.
An easy method to bear in mind is that if the face is light, elevate the tail, as well as vice versa. Keep talking to the target to reassure them, and also take down any kind of information around the emergency which could be useful to clinical personnel.
B. Heart attack
A few of the early indications of heart attack disease can be extreme chest stress, left arm pain, jaw pain, extreme sweating, grey skin coloring, nausea or vomiting, trouble breathing, or a feeling of weakness. You will certainly be finding out a lot more about cardiac arrest, also to reply to them, in your upcoming CPR program.
Without knowledge of CPR, you should immediately place the target in a seated placement with their knees elevated as well as advise somebody close by to call 911. An AED needs to likewise be made use of when it comes to a halted pulse.
Below is an insightful and also fast video clip on the differences between a heart attack and also a cardiovascular disease, as these two are frequently puzzled.
Strokes are brought on by a disturbance of blood flow provided to the brain. Signs and symptoms of a stroke can be recalled by the easy acronym, FAST:
- Face drooping
- Arm weakness
- Speech difficulty
- Time to call 9-1-1
While awaiting rescue, talk with the target in an encouraging and also calm fashion. You can heat them with a covering. Nevertheless, do not supply them with food or water, as this can cause higher issues after the stroke’s onset.
If they drop unconscious and are not breathing, prepare to perform CPR.
Also Read: Personal Management Merit Badge
7. Do the following two things
|A. Describe the conditions that must exist before performing CPR on a person. Then demonstrate proper CPR technique using a training device approved by your counselor.|
|B. Explain the use of an automated external defibrillator (AED). Identify the location of the AED at your school, place of worship, and troop meeting place, if one is present.|
A. Describe the conditions that must exist before performing CPR
While performing chest compressions during cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR), you run the risk of using the technique ineffectively and further injuring your victim. Therefore, to gain an understanding of proper CPR technique, you should first complete the CPR certification program before trying to perform this on another person.
Under no circumstances should you perform CPR unless the following conditions occur:
- The victim must be unresponsive (Ask, “are you okay?”)
- They must not be breathing (Ear over their mouth, propping chin up, to check for breathing)
- Their pulse must either be missing or ineffective (Medical personnel will check for this, however, if the first two conditions are satisfied, you should begin chest compressions)
B. Explain the use of an automated external defibrillator (AED)
|Explain the use of an automated external defibrillator (AED). Identify the location of the AED at your school, place of worship, and troop meeting place, if one is present.|
An automated external defibrillator, or AED, is made use of to save lives during sudden cardiac arrest. A lot of AEDs are geared up with audio or visual instructions for use however all AEDs generally operate similarly. The directions are as complies with:
- Turn on the AED and follow the prompts.
- Expose the victim’s bare chest, wiping it dry to later attach the AED patches.
- Attach the AED pads to the victim, plugging them into the connector if necessary.
- Making sure that no one is in contact with the victim, tell everyone to stand clear and press the ‘analyze’ button (this checks for heart rhythm).
- If the AED recommends resuscitation, ensure that no one is touching the person by saying “stand clear.” Once clear, press the “shock” button.
- Begin CPR after delivering the shock. If no shock is advised, begin CPR. Perform CPR while following the AED’s prompts. If they begin to breathe and show obvious signs of life, discontinue CPR and monitor for changes in condition.
8. Do the following three things
|A. Show the steps that need to be taken for someone who has a large open wound or cut that is not bleeding.|
|B. Show the steps that need to be taken for someone who has a large open wound or cut that is severely bleeding.|
|C. Tell the dangers in the use of a tourniquet and the conditions under which its use is justified.|
A. Show the steps that need to be taken when having open sores that do not bleed
To decrease the threat of sending infections, if possible, wash your hands before entering contact with any open injuries.
After administering emergency situations first-aid for any type of wound or cut which might call for stitches, always look for the support of skilled medical workers.
Protecting against blood loss is your most important problem, however, the possibility of future infection ought to also be planned for.
If a big wound or cut does not need emergency situation clinical focus, be sure to still clean up the injury. Utilizing hydrogen peroxide, disinfect the injury, after that apply a bandage with anti-bacterial cream over the damaged area.
Monitor the injury as well as replace the bandage every few days. In the weeks complying with, search for indications of pus or inflammation around the injury, which may show feasible infection.
B. Show the steps taken when having a large bleeding wound
If somebody is significant bleeding, your first concern is to restrict their loss of blood. After having someone call for help, review the sufferer utilizing the triage method.
If they’re aware, breathing, and in an atmosphere out of further risk, begin work to quit the blood loss. This can be done in 5 actions:
- Tidy the wound: when possible, get rid of any type of dust or debris from the wound to prevent infection. Do not take out anything ingrained in the injury as this can create a lot more bleeding.
- Apply constant stress to the wound: utilizing a sterile fabric or plaster, press into the injury with a stable pressure to stop the bleeding.
- Paralyze the wound: if blood soaks through the compress, do not remove it. Location one more bandage over the first, and also continue using pressure. Ultimately, the blood needs to clot and also the bleeding should slow down.
- Raise the wound: by increasing the injury above the level of the heart, gravity assists to halt the blood flow. Lay the victim down and also have them elevate the injury as high as feasible.
- Assist the target up until assistance arrives: once their injury has actually been treated, your task is to keep the target as comfy as feasible until emergency situation medical personnel arrive. Make sure that they are not also hot or as well cold, as well as talk with them to keep them calm.
C. Tell the dangers in the use of a tourniquet
|Tell the dangers in the use of a tourniquet and the conditions under which its use is justified.|
A tourniquet should only be made use of on hefty blood loss as the last hope. Tourniquets are tight wrappings, 2-4 inches over an injury, which restrict blood flow and efficiently stop irrepressible and also possibly lethal bleeding.
Tourniquets can cause irreversible damage so only use this method when prepared to compromise an arm or leg in order to conserve a life.
A tourniquet ought to only be made use of on a target is bleeding at an unmanageable rate from among their appendages.
For example, if somebody were to shed their finger or have their arm crushed, as well as remained at risk of hemorrhaging out, utilizing a tourniquet may be the appropriate action.
Also Read: Swimming Merit Badge
9. Explain what actions should be taken for prevention and first aid from bee stings
|Explain when a bee sting could be life-threatening and what action should be taken for prevention and for first aid.|
In people with severe allergies to venom, simply one sting can result in a deadly response called anaphylaxis.
Anaphylactic reactions cause extreme as well as instant swelling in the neck as well as face, along with difficulty breathing, and can verify deadly if left neglected.
Most people with serious allergic reactions lug an EpiPen. When utilized by removing the safety cap as well as pressing the needle right into the target’s thigh, an EpiPen can counteract an anaphylactic response.
Nevertheless, the effect of an EpiPen is temporary and the person must still promptly receive clinical interest.
10. Describe the signs and symptoms suspected closed and open fractures or dislocations of the
|Describe the signs and symptoms and demonstrate the proper procedures for handling and immobilizing suspected closed and open fractures or dislocations of the:|
C. Upper leg
D. Lower leg
A crack is any kind of busted bone. To offer clinical therapy, quit any blood loss and paralyze the injury. Do not try to correct the break as well as delicately apply a splint to the afflicted area by taking 2 rigid pieces of product and sandwiching the crack on either side.
After that, firmly attach the splint by linking both stiff items of the product together at the bases and also tops, listed below and above the crack. Apply a cold compress to lower swelling and also look for clinical interest as soon as possible.
A dislocation occurs when completions of your bones are forced out of their regular setting. Dislocations are dealt with in a manner practically identical to how you would treat cracks.
Incapacitate the injury and also look for medical assistance. Do not attempt to pop the joint back into place as this might create more damages. In both instances, make sure not to place further stress on the injury.
Here’s a wonderful article on splinting with interesting visuals.
11. Describe the signs, symptoms, and possible complications
|The next aid merit badge requirement is to explain the signs, symptoms, and possible complications and show treatment for someone suspected of injury to the head, neck, or back.|
These kinds of injuries can be lethal to the target and are difficult to treat in the area. To keep their injury from ending up being worse, make certain the sufferer remains absolutely still with their neck and back incapacitated.
To identify this sort of injury, seek indicators of swelling and broken bones in the head or back. If the target is conscious, analyze them for indicators of complication, inability to remember basic realities, faintness, slurred speech, or uneven people extension.
If they show any of these signs and symptoms or have actually dropped from an elevation above their own head, think that a head, neck or back injury has actually taken place.
12. Describe the symptoms and proper first-aid procedures
|Describe the symptoms, proper first-aid procedures, and possible prevention measures for the following conditions:|
A. Anaphylaxis/allergic reactions
C. Sprains or strains
F. Burns-first, second, and third degree
I. Muscle cramps
J. Heat exhaustion
L. Abdominal pain
M. Broken, chipped, or loosened tooth
A. Anaphylaxis/allergic reactions
Anaphylaxis is an extreme allergic reaction that requires instant therapy. By utilizing epinephrine (an adrenaline shot), the signs and symptoms of anaphylaxis can be turned around. Signs of anaphylactic response appear as common allergy signs and symptoms such as a dripping nose or breakout.
This can likewise be accompanied by coughing, problem breathing, weak pulse, or a sense of ruin. Anaphylactic reactions call for clinical follow-up, also after epinephrine is provided.
Bruises, or contusions, appear as dark welts on the surface of one’s skin as well as are triggered by damages to the underlying capillary. A bruise may really feel tender in the first few days, nevertheless, since the skin is not damaged there is no risk of infection.
Applying a chilly compress to the bruise instantly after damage might minimize swelling as well as staining.
C. Sprains or strains
A strain is an overextension of a muscle mass or tendon, whereas a strain is triggered by motion which splits the tissues around a joint. In both instances, a chilly compress ought to be applied to lower swelling.
Stay and also paralyze the injury off of it for a couple of days. Both of these problems ought to not be also serious, nevertheless, if in a week the injury is still giving you trouble think about seeing a doctor.
Hypothermia is caused by one’s core body temperature level falling below 95 ° F. While signs of mild hypothermia include shivering and confusion, in much more unsafe situations the victim will certainly not have enough energy to continue shivering as well as may drop unconscious.
If you see somebody is experiencing hypothermia, right away heat them making use of extra clothes, fire, or via body heat. Do not all of a sudden re-warm the target by putting them in a warm shower, as this might bring about rewarming shock.
Frostbite takes place when extremities, such as toes as well as fingers, begin to ice up. Skin in the impacted locations will turn blue, after that white. If you notice frostbite setup in, leave to a warm location.
Attempt not to wrap the afflicted location in anything, as this can cause a few of the cells to be exterminated. A much better means to warm the frostbitten area is by running it under cool water, after that, slowly enhancing the water temperature level as the injury thaws.
F. Burns-first, second, and third-degree
Warmth is the most common kind of melt, harm to physical tissues created by chemicals, electrical energy, radiation, or sunshine are additionally taken into consideration types of burns. There are 3 main classifications of burns:
- First Degree: A sunburn would be a type of the first-degree burn. The affected area will appear red and sensitive to touch.
- Second Degree: Second-degree burns are deeper and more painful than the first degree. Alongside redness and inflammation, the skin of a second-degree burn would also be blistered.
- Third Degree: Third-degree burns involve all layers of skin. There will be major damage to nerves and blood vessels, causing the skin to appear white and leathery.
For small burns, using up relatively little space on the body, therapy should be done by cooling the affected area. Apply a wet compress up until the discomfort subsides. Later, plaster the shed with sterilized gauze, wrapping loosely so as not to tax the injured skin.
For second-degree burns, using up more than 4 inches of area, or third-degree burns, one ought to look for emergency situation healthcare. Secure the shed person from further damage, as well as make certain that they are taking a breath.
Cover the location of the melt with an amazing, moist bandage, however, never engage a severe melt in water. Boost the scorched area and also watch for indicators of shock as you wait for an emergency situation clinical feedback.
Convulsions are involuntary muscle spasms that happen as a usual sign of seizures. These can appear as quick blackouts, drooling, loss of digestive tract control, or unexpected drinking of the entire body.
The source of both convulsions and seizures is an unusual electric task in the mind. Nevertheless, the particular triggers are typically unclear.
It is important not to hold the sufferer down or restrain them at all. Ask for emergency situation medical services and remove anything hazardous that the sufferer, while smacking around, might collide with.
Enable the convulsions to discontinue naturally, making sure that the sufferer does not choke or harm themselves while on the ground.
When the body does not take in adequate water, dehydration happens. Some signs and symptoms of dehydration consist of a purged face, absence of sweat, or sensation of weak point.
This is a possibly deadly condition that can result in reduced blood pressure, fainting, as well as dizziness.
To deal with dehydration, motivate the victim to remainder as well as replenish their body with water as well as electrolytes. Moisten the target slowly, preventing drastic rehydration.
I. Muscle cramps
Cramps are brought on by abrupt, involuntary contractions in muscular tissue. While these spasms often tend to decrease in a matter of mins, they can trigger significant discomfort and problems.
Workout extreme care if you are swimming and also are stricken by an ache, as the discomfort might cause you to stress and also possibly sink.
Muscle cramps are normally caused by an absence of water and electrolytes. By taking deep breaths and delicately massaging the cramped location, you can reduce several of the pain.
J. Heat exhaustion
There are two primary types of heat exhaustion:
- Water depletion: Identified by thirst, migraine, a feeling of weakness, and also loss of awareness.
- Sodium depletion: characterized by vomiting, muscle cramps, as well as lightheadedness.
Heat exhaustion can proceed right into heatstroke, and ought to not be ignored. Instantly get them into a great area to remainder if you think that a person is experiencing heat exhaustion.
Have them drink plenty of fluids as well as take a trendy shower. They may be sensitive to high temperatures for a few days later.
Heatstroke is created when one’s body temperature level exceeds 104 ° F. If without treatment, heatstroke can cause seizures, confusion, loss of consciousness and also even a coma.
Usual signs and symptoms of a warm stroke are throbbing migraines, lightheadedness, an absence of sweating in spite of a warm climate, or a sensation of weak point.
If you presume a person of having heatstroke, quickly call 911. Sit them down in a trendy, dubious location, and also attempt to decrease their body temperature.
To avoid heat exhaustion and also heatstroke, remain hydrated, use sun defense and avoid exhausting activity at the warmest time of day.
L. Abdominal pain
Mild pain in the abdomen can arise from various causes as well as is typically not a factor to stress. Most situations are indigestion, irregularity, over-eating, or a tummy infection.
These can be dealt with by waiting and also taking an antacid for around a day. However, if your abdominal pain is extreme, continual, or returning, you ought to contact your doctor.
M. Broken chipped, or loosened tooth
If you chip, break or loosen a tooth, make sure to work out caution not to choke on damaged tooth pieces. Clean the location as well as use a chilly compress which will decrease swelling.
Go to the dental expert as soon as possible, bringing with you any kind of tooth pieces that might have been displaced.
13. Do the following three things
|A. Describe the conditions under which an injured person should be moved|
|B. If a sick or injured person must be moved, tell how you would determine the best method. Demonstrate this method.|
|C. With helpers under your supervision, improvise a stretcher and move a presumably unconscious person.|
As movement can create more pain and also injuries, you must only move a harmed person when definitely essential. The American Red Cross recommends taking this danger when:
- They or you are confronted with an instant danger such as a fire or breaking down structure.
- You require to reach one more individual requiring more immediate healthcare.
- When needed to offer appropriate care. CPR needs to be done on a flat surface area so in that instance moving the victim would certainly be suitable.
For a great visual guide on moving a harmed individual and also improvisating a stretcher, take a look at the web site by Troop50 right here.
The most effective approach of moving a hurt individual is by utilizing any effective way which does not further hurt them. In teams, improvisating a stretcher is also an efficient method of delivering a harmed individual.
14. Teach another Scout a first-aid skill selected by your counselor
Since you’ve finished this overview to the first aid merit badge, you’re ready to educate any of the abilities you just discovered to your fellow precursors! The best way to learn first aid is through technique.
Rehearse with your army how you would handle a medical emergency situation to ensure that you’ve gotten ready for the genuine point. Congratulations on reviewing all the way via!
Read it too: How to Earn Camping Merit Badge
By preparing yourself with the expertise of exactly how to manage any kind of emergency treatment emergency situation, you’re much more able to take pleasure in the tasks you carry out in Scouting.
Via the method of the abilities that we’ve covered, you’ll come to be extra ensured of your abilities and responsive to feasible emergency situations. If the time ever does pertain to utilize these abilities, you’ll be so grateful that you put in the time and also initiative to get this useful badge.
Aid training enables you to be an individual that your troop, as well as area, can depend on when calamity strikes. In making this merit badge, you take yet one more vital step in your trip to ending up being an Eagle Scout! Congratulations!